Pattern: Welles Socks

Also available as part of an eBook, Whitework: Accessories inspired by medieval illumination

The motif which inspired the patterns for these socks is a very common one in medieval illuminations. One manuscript where it appears very frequently is the Welles Apocalypse, a work of English origin, written in French, from the first quarter of the 14th century.


  • Extra-small: 6.5” foot and leg circumferences
  • Small: 7.75” foot and leg circumferences
  • Medium: 9” foot and leg circumferences
  • Large: 10.25” foot and leg circumferences
Socks to have 0% ease.

          Skills required

          • Knitting, purling
          • Increasing, decreasing
          • Stranded knitting flat and in the round
          • Chart reading
          • Working in the round with DPNs (alternatives: two circulars or the magic loop technique)
          • Grafting (aka Kitchener stitch); pattern lists some instructional resources for reference

          Materials needed

          • Yarn: Fingering weight, as follows - model shown was made in the medium size for a 9"-long foot, and with 7" of leg above the heel flap; it used 275 yards of main colour and 180 yards of contrast colour
            • Main colour: Katia "Darling", 60% merino/40% nylon, 208yds/50g, colour 214:
              • Extra-small: 1 ball
              • Small: 1 or 2 balls, depending on foot and leg length (if in doubt, get the bigger amount)
              • Medium: 2 balls
              • Large: 2 balls
            • Contrast colour: Sandnes Garn "Babyull Lanett", 100% merino, 191yds/50g, colour 1001:
              • Extra-small: 1 ball
              • Small: 1 ball of CC
              • Medium: 1 or 2 balls, depending on foot and leg length (if in doubt, get the bigger amount)
              • Large: 2 balls
          • Needles: Either a set of 2.5mm DPNs (set of 5 preferable) or (for two-circular technique) two 2.5mm 16" circular needles or (for magic loop method) 2.5mm 32" or longer circular
          • Stitch marker
          • (Optional) Two additional stitch markers, different from the first
          • Spare length of yarn about 10” long
          • Tapestry needle for weaving in ends


          • 38 sts and rows to 4" in stranded pattern after blocking

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